23 May 2012 | Buku

Buku

Published by: Perkumpulan Sada Ahmo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Labirin politik

Perempuan Sumut Menapak Belantara Politik

(Political labyrinth)

The Women of North Sumatra Tread the Political Wilderness)

 

A candidate of woman senator who is a lawyer told an experience. One day, there was a complaint from a woman who was a victim of domestic violence came to her. Though the lawyer and the victim were facing each other, the victim was still asking, who would become her lawyer to support her. The lawyer answered, that she would become the victim’s lawyer. The victim asked back and wondered. “Why not a male lawyer, he would be more brave, wouldn’t he?

There are two of women challenges, namely internal and external. The external challenge is the regulation no 12/2001 about General Election and the chance to be a Senator.  However the infrastructure has not settled up yet. We appreciated the regulation joyfully, but we were not ready both with mass and strategic to be involved. We were in awe, and busy for the coalition. It wasted time. However, it was a good lesson for us. The other external challenge was our culture was not ready to accept women into leadership especially in the area of public politic.

PESADA which was originally named YSA was founded in October 1990 as a reaction to the marginalization of indigenous communities of Pakpak in Dairi District, North Sumatra. Since 1991, PESADA has developed pre-school children’s education programs and extension groups of parents for Pakpak community. In its development, PESADA developed programs related to gender justice and economic – and strengthening women in politic and economic in North Sumatra.

Cuplikan Sejarah Gerakan Perempuan Sumut

Perjalanan Panjang Politik Perempuan

(Snapshot of Women’s Movement History of North Sumatra – Women’s Political Journey)

Women’s movement in North Sumatra had already grown long before Indonesia’s independence. Female Evangelist School which started in 1890 by Sister Afrieda Harder, the first woman Evangelist from London who served in the seminary Pansurnapitu became a reference.

In the middle of a major discourse of Gerwani (Indonesian women’s movement)   a compelling history with all its aspects, this book noted: there was a woman named Julia Hutabarat who lived in Tarutung, who called for and sue the patriarchal culture in her speech at the opening night reception of conference in Sibolga in 1954. She struggled as a feminist in the Batak land not only in ethnic group and Christian arena, but also in political parties. She was elected to the Constituent Assembly in 1955 in general election – represented the Unity of Indonesian Christian Woman (PWKI), the Parkindo networking. It related to the discourse of Indonesian women’s movement, it was as same as with the silencing of the Gerwani post-event ’65, the motion was carried by Julia Hutabarat and her colleagues. They also have the same fate” silenced” post-event PRRI.

Through the search history from the available documentation (certainly not comprehensive enough), the authors provide analysis and conclusions about how the women’s movement of North Sumatra, in the latest context.

PESADA is a local NGO which does empowerment and critical education for all society in North Sumatra especially for women, from all over the ages, education level and background. PESADA tries to do the publication seriously in order to support its vision to be outreached every year.

PESADA’s visions are to create communities with spirit of sincerity, discipline, simplicity, solidarity, fidelity, equality and gender justice. PESADA’s missions are to raise awareness of women, children and other marginal groups on their rights-to strengthening the economic, social, cultural and political position of women, children and other marginal groups. Also, it provides advocacy and legal aid for women, children and other marginal groups- and to conduct research and capacity building.

PESADA Wrote

At the Age of 20 Years
to Serve and Strengthen With the Motto

“Sincerity and Simplicity”

 

At the Beginning from Pakpak
PESADA as an NGO

Community Has Been Able to Manage Their Own School
Credit Union, Economic Institutions of Democratic Women Based on Democracy
Credit union Raises Women’s Economic Post-Disaster
Endless Loop of Victims of Domestic Violence
Assistance for Single Parents to Independence
Women’s Shackle of Trafficking Victims
Female Sex Workers of Parloha and the “Toothpaste “Myth
The Introduction of Cadres and Expectations

 

PESADA which was originally named YSA is a local NGO in North Sumatra Province.YSA was founded in October 1990 by 15 people who concerned in politic and social situation in Indonesia. It was also as a response to a tendency of “disappearance” of Pakpak as a major tribe in Dairi District. In 1991, YSA started a development program for Pakpak society through TBAA/ Care Center for pre school children together with a small project of chicken stock- for parents whose children were in Care Center in Tinada, Salak District. TBAA/Care Center developed so fast in 6 villages in Pakpak resident- besides, there was also regular discussion among parents whose children were in a Care Center.

Together with the passing of the program, PESADA knew that the main problem in Pakpak society concerned with issues of economic and gender inequality. In 1992/1993, PESADA developed a women empowerment program through Credit Union. Basically, CU it self is an organizing contains a critical education of women. Besides, it also contains household financial management education and micro business- It is directly assisted by field staff.

This book was written by PESADA’s staff who gave a description clearly on how PESADA does its vision and mission through programs planned. Those programs are children education in Care Center, Credit Union, handling cases in WCC Sinceritas, campaign of reproductive health, and assistance of victim’s disaster in Nias. The purpose of writing this book is both to know the impact of the development program to the extensions and to describe the experiences of the cadre in extension resident.

PESADA is a local NGO which does empowerment and critical education for all society in North Sumatra especially for women, from all over the ages, education level and background. PESADA tries to do the publication seriously in order to support its vision to be outreached every year.

PESADA’s visions are to create communities with spirit of sincerity, discipline, simplicity, solidarity, fidelity, equality and gender justice. PESADA’s missions are to raise awareness of women, children and other marginal groups on their rights-to strengthening the economic, social, cultural and political position of women, children and other marginal groups. Also, it provides advocacy and legal aid for women, children and other marginal groups- and to conduct research and capacity building.

Menelusuri Tembok

“Tembus Pandang”

 Penghalang Perempuan dalam Politik

Hasil Penelitian Partisipatoris Perempuan Potensial di Propinsi Sumatera Utara

Through the “Transparent” Wall

The Women’s Hindrance in Politics

Participatory Research of Potential Women in North Sumatra Province)

 

This book summarizes some experiences of women in North Sumatra in candidacy as members of Parliament, Senator, and Parliament in district/city in General Election in 2009 ago. Besides, there is an experience description of women candidates who nominate their selves for public leader such as: the candidate for Vice Regent, Village Agency, and the member of Committee of General Election in province.

As a woman candidate is expected to better understand the obstacles that they could be faced -then, to perform analysis and develop a strategy based on experience, feelings and knowledge.

The research result as outlined in this book describes the obstacles that often occur in the political nomination of women candidates. The external obstacles which are faced by women candidates namely; Money politic; women are considered not able to be leaders ; The Decision Of Constitutional Court no 22-24/regulation-VI/2008 about Judicial Review Of Legislative Elections to 1945 Constitutions, which abort the zipper system; determination of legislative candidates by majority vote; an open competition with male candidate; and vote manipulation. In the mean time, the two of internal obstacles are; limited funds; and inadequate political experience. This book presents openly on how women candidates overcome these obstacles.

PESADA is a local NGO which does empowerment and critical education for all society in North Sumatra especially for women, from all over the ages, education level and background. PESADA tries to do the publication seriously in order to support its vision to be outreached every year.

PESADA’s visions are to create communities with spirit of sincerity, discipline, simplicity, solidarity, fidelity, equality and gender justice. PESADA’s missions are to raise awareness of women, children and other marginal groups on their rights-to strengthening the economic, social, cultural and political position of women, children and other marginal groups. Also, it provides advocacy and legal aid for women, children and other marginal groups- and to conduct research and capacity building.